Posted: May 21st, 2014
by: HartNamtemah Team
By Kathleen O'Connor in collaboration with Marc Andre Hart.
Our planet’s resources aren’t infinite. Unsustainable production and consumption have endangered life on our planet and resulted in major economic and social costs. We as world citizens need to change our ways to ensure that we don’t deplete natural resources.
Sustainable development meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Sustainable business refers to the idea of how an enterprise can become successful and profitable while benefitting not only stakeholders but also the local economy and the environment. Any enterprise that embraces this model should meet the following requirements:
•Improve or help maintain a good quality of life for all involved
•Use resources wisely to prevent damaging the local economy and causing pollution
•Take advantage of renewable resources whenever possible
•Embrace fuller product lifecycles, which means going from raw materials to disposal in the cleanest, least wasteful way possible
•Provide intergenerational and intra-generational equity
Obstacles to Sustainable Development in Africa
While the ultimate goal is to get Africa to embrace these principles, there are a number of obstacles. According to the United Nations’ Economic Commission for Africa, international cooperation is essential to helping the continent move towards sustainable development. That’s because Africa is very different from the West and many of the processes and conditions that apply to more developed nations would not work in African countries.
For example, there’s an active movement in the West to reduce consumerism and condition people to “use less, spend less.” The UN points out that these principles should not be applied in Africa, where over 40% of the population lives below the poverty level. There, the goal should not be to consume less but to produce more goods. This will not only contribute to lessening poverty but also create opportunities that will eventually help meet the basic needs of a larger number of people.
One of the biggest challenges that Africa faces is extreme poverty. Around two-thirds of the population in Africa lives in rural areas and derives its main income from agriculture. The poor have few options beyond pursuing their livelihood from the natural resources that surround them. For example, they cut trees for fuel wood and hunt wildlife to extinction. These activities only worsen the situation for Africans living in poverty and also affect future generations.
The aim of sustainable development is to further economic and social progress while at the same time strengthening environmental protection. Sustainable development is an inclusive approach to development in that it meets the needs of the poorest and reduces inequality.
How Investors Can Approach Africa’s New Commercial Frontier
Africa has much to offer new investors. For starters, Africa has a strong need for basic products and services, which means that there are a great deal of opportunities for entrepreneurs and investors that may not be available in more developed areas of the world.
Construction, IT, sustainable tourism and energy, and other industries are still very much in an early growth stage in Africa. Because of this, new investors can help shape the local economy and significantly impact the way commerce evolves and changes in Africa. There is also greater freedom in the way business is conducted, as well as a chance to educate future generations on how to develop sustainable industries that benefit not only investors but also everyone else involved.
Do you think it’s possible to develop Africa’s business sector in a sustainable way? Or do you think that business interests will always clash with sustainability?
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Adventures in Cheating
Students, your semester is almost over. This fall, did you unearth yourself pulling a multitude of bong hits but couple of all-nighters? Absorbing a lot of Schlitz but tiny Nietzsche? Attending Arizona State University? If the answer is yes to any or (mainly) all these questions, you will no doubt be plagiarizing your term papers.
Effective for you-we're all short on time these days. Yes, it's ethically blah blah blah to cheat over a term paper blah. The question is: How do you do it right? For example, the chump move is to come across some library book and copy big hunks out of it. No smart: You even now should walk to the library, find out a respectable book, and link the hunks together with your very own awful prose. Instead, why not just click on the term paper World wide web information site and buy the whole damn paper previously written by some smart dude? Que bella . Ah, but which website?
I shopped at several on the net term paper stores to determine where ideal to spend your cheating dollar. After selecting papers on topics in history, psychology, and biology, I had every paper graded by a person of my judges. These had been: Slate writer David Greenberg, who teaches history at Columbia; my dad, who teaches psychology in the University of Rhode Island (many times smeared given that the ASU on the East); and my girlfriend, who was a teaching assistant in biology at Duke (where she says cheating was fairly frequent). So, which page wins for that most appropriate blend of price and paper top notch? I compared completely free sites, sites that sell "pre-written papers," as well as a web site that writes customized papers to your specifications.
Cost-free Sites A quick World wide web search turns up dozens of sites filled with absolutely free term papers. Some ask you to definitely donate one particular of your individual papers in exchange, but most don't. I chose one particular from each individual of our fields for comparison and soon found that when it comes to free of charge papers, you get just about what you pay back for.
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OPPapers.com: This web page fared significantly greater. A paper titled "Critically Evaluate Erikson's Psychosocial Theory" spelled Erikson's name wrong within the earliest sentence, yet however won a C+/B- from my dad. It hit most with the important points-the problem was no analysis. Also, the citations all came from textbooks, not real resources. Oddly, this paper also chosen British spellings ("behaviour") for no apparent reason. But all in all not terrible, considering it was totally free. OPPapers.com, purely on style points, was my favorite page. The name comes from an old hip-hop song ("You down with O-P-P?" meaning other people's. genitalia), the internet site has pictures of coed babes, and one particular paper inside the psych section was simply the phrase "I wanna bang Angelina Jolie" typed over and over again for several internet pages. Hey, whaddaya want for free of charge?
Sites Selling Pre-Written Papers There are dozens of these-I narrowed it down to three sites that seemed fairly reputable and have been stocked that has a extensive range. (In general, the choice offered on pay out sites was ten times bigger than for the completely free ones.) Just about every shell out online site posted clear disclaimers that you're not to pass off these papers as your very own function. Sure you're not.
AcademicTermPapers.com: This information site charged $7 for each webpage, and I ordered "The Paranoia Behind Watergate" for $35. Nicely worth it. My history judge gave it the highest grade of all the papers he saw-a B or maybe even a B+. Why? It boasted an actual argument. Some passages, however, would probably established off his plagiarism radar (or "pladar"). They clearly show almost too thorough a command for the literature.
My other purchase in this article was a $49 bio paper titled "The Species Concept." Despite appearing from the bio section in the websites, this paper seemed to be for a philosophy class. Of course, no way to know that until after you've bought it (the pay back sites give you just the title as well as a very brief synopsis of each and every paper). My judge would grade this a C- in an intro bio class, as its summary was "utterly meaningless," and it tossed near "airy" philosophies without actually understanding the species concept by any means.
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My other Paper Shop paper was "Typical Assumptions of Kin Assortment," bought for $40.38. Again, a pretty fine buy. It was well-written, accurate, and occasionally even thoughtful. My bio judge would give it a B inside a freshman class. Workable pladar ping: The writer seemed to imply that many of his ideas stemmed from the personal chat along with a noted biologist. But overall, the Paper Retail outlet earned its fork out.
A1Termpaper.com (aka 1-800-Termpaper.com): In some ways this is the strangest web site, as most with the papers for sale were being written concerning 1978 and '83. I would guess this can be an old term paper source, which has a short while ago made the jump to the Net. From its history section, I bought a book report on Garry Wills' Nixon Agonistes for $44.75, as well as a $7.45 fee for scanning all the pages-the paper was written in 1981, no doubt on the typewriter. Top quality? It understood the book but made no critique-a high-school paper. My judge would give it a D.
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With all these pre-written papers, though, it occurred to me that a smart but horribly lazy student could choose to put his effort into editing instead of researching and crafting: Buy a mediocre paper that's done the legwork, then whip it into shape by improving the producing and adding some carefully chosen details. Not a bad strategy.
Papers Made To Order PaperMasters.com: My final buy was a custom-made paper written to my specifications. Tons of sites do this, for among $17 and $20 for every site. PaperMasters.com statements all its writers have "at least a person Master's Degree" and charges $17.95 for each web site. I typed this request (posing as a professor's assignment, copied verbatim) into its Website order kind: "A 4-page term paper on David Foster Wallace's Infinite Jest . Investigate the semiotics in the 'addicted gaze' as represented by the mysterious film for the book's title. Attainable topics to address include nihilism, figurative transgendering, the culture of entertainment, plus the concept of 'infinite gestation.' "
This assignment was total hooey. It made no feeling whatsoever. Yet it differed very little from papers I was assigned as an undergrad English major at Brown.
After one or two tries (an individual woman on the 800 amount told me they ended up extremely busy), my assignment was accepted by Paper Masters, by having a deadline for a single week later. Keep in mind, Infinite Jest is really an 1,100-page novel (together with byzantine footnotes), and it took me almost a thirty day period to read through even though I was completely engrossed by it. In short, there's no way anyone could 1) finish the book in time; and two) compose anything coherent that addressed the assignment.
I began to think guilty. Some poor writer somewhere was plowing through this tome, then concocting a meaningless mishmash of words simply to fill four web pages and satisfy the bizarre whims of the solitary, heartless taskmaster (me). But then I realized this is exactly what I did for all four years of college-and I paid them for your privilege!
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